Bulk Seed Savings
Ordering more than 250 lbs. of seed? Bulk discounts automatically applied at checkout!
Total Weight
Savings
250-499 lbs.
$25 Off!
500-749 lbs.
$50 Off!
750-999 lbs.
$75 Off!
1,000-1,499 lbs.
$150 Off!
1,500-2,000 lbs.
$250 Off!
Over 2,000 lbs.
Call or get free quote
Need Help? Call us at 1(800) 552-1027
  • Aeschynomene Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Aeschynomene Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Aeschynomene Seed
  • Aeschynomene Seed (Deer Vetch) Cover Crop Seed
  • Aeschynomene Seed (Deer Vetch) for Deer Food Plot
  • Alfalfa Cover Crop Seed
  • Alfalfa Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Alfalfa Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Alfalfa Seed
  • Alfalfa Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Alpaca Pasture Mix
  • Animal Forage Seed
  • Annual Summer Forage
  • Application Area
  • Bahia Grass Cover Crop Seed
  • Bahia Grass Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Bahia Grass Seed
  • Bahia Lawn Grass Seed
  • Bahia Pasture Grass Seed
  • Bahia Turf Grass Seed
  • Barley Fodder Seed
  • Barley Seed
  • Beans and Peas
  • Bee Seed For Homestead, Animal, & Garden
  • Bentgrass Golf Course / Athletic Seed
  • Bentgrass Lawn Grass Seed
  • Bentgrass Seed
  • Bentgrass Turf Grass Seed
  • Bermuda Golf Course / Athletic Seed
  • Bermuda Grass Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Bermuda Grass Seed
  • Bermuda Grass Seed for Pasture
  • Bermuda Lawn Grass Seed
  • Bermuda Lawn Plugs
  • Bermuda Seed for Hay
  • Bermuda Turf Grass Seed
  • Best Sellers
  • Best Selling Products
  • Biofuels
  • Bird Seed for Homestead, Animal, & Garden
  • Birdsfoot Trefoil Seed
  • Bluegrass Lawn Grass Seed
  • Bluegrass Pasture Seed
  • Bluegrass Seed
  • Bluegrass Turf Grass Seed
  • Bluestem Seed
  • Brassica Fodder Seed
  • Brassica Forage Seed
  • Brassica Seed
  • Broad Leaf Mustard
  • Brome Grass Seed
  • Buckwheat - Fodder Seed
  • Buckwheat Duck Food Plot Seed
  • Buckwheat Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Buckwheat Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Buckwheat Seed
  • Buckwheat Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Buffalo Grass Seed
  • Buffalo Pasture Grass Seed
  • Buffalograss Lawn Seed
  • Camelina
  • Camelina Bio-Fuel Seed
  • Camelina Seed
  • Carpetgrass Seed
  • Carpetgrass Turf Grass Seed
  • Carpon Desmodium Seed
  • Cattle Seed for Homestead, Animal, & Garden
  • Centipede Grass Seed
  • Centipede Lawn Grass Seed
  • Centipede Lawn Plugs
  • Centipede Turf Grass Seed
  • Chicken Seed for Homestead, Animal, & Garden
  • Chicory Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Chicory Seed
  • Chufa Food Plot Seed
  • Chufa Seed
  • Clearance Items
  • Climate Zone
  • Clover Deer Food Plot & Cover Crop Seed
  • Clover Fodder Seed
  • Clover Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Clover Ground Cover Seed
  • Clover Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Clover Seed
  • Clover Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Contractor / DOT Seed Mixes
  • Contractor Seed Mixtures (Cool Climate)
  • Contractor Seed Mixtures (Transition Climate)
  • Contractor Seed Mixtures (Warm Climate)
  • Cool Climate Cover Crop Seed
  • Cool Climate Food Plot Seed
  • Cool Climate Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Cool Climate Homestead Seed
  • Cool Climate Lawn & Turf Seed
  • Cool Climate Mixtures
  • Cool Climate Seed
  • Corn Cover Crop Seed
  • Corn Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Corn Dove Food Plot Seed
  • Corn Duck Food Plot Seed
  • Corn Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Corn Seed
  • Corn Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Cover Crop Seed
  • Crabgrass Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Crabgrass Pasture Grass Seed
  • Crabgrass Seed
  • Customer favorites
  • Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Dichondra Ground Cover Seed
  • Dichondra Seed
  • Dove Food Plot Seed
  • Duck Food Plot Seed
  • Egyptian Wheat Seed
  • Equine Chia Seed
  • Equine Seed
  • Equipment
  • Erosion Control & Reclamation Seed
  • Erosion Control Seed
  • FARMERS & RANCHERS
  • Fertilizers
  • Fescue Grass Cover Crop Seed
  • Fescue Grass Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Fescue Grass Seed
  • Fescue Grass Seed for Golf Course & Athletic Field
  • Fescue Lawn Grass Seed
  • Fescue Pasture Grass Seed
  • Fescue Turf Grass Seed
  • Florida Lawn Seed
  • Fodder Seed
  • Food Plot & Hunting
  • Food Plot Seed
  • Forage
  • Forage & Pasture
  • Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Goat Seed for Homestead, Animal, & Garden
  • Golf Course / Athletic Field Grass
  • Grain Rye
  • Grain Rye Cover Crop Seed
  • Grain Rye Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Grain Rye Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Grain Rye Seed
  • Grain Rye Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Grain Seed
  • Grain Sorghum Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Grain Sorghum Seed
  • Grass Plugs
  • Grass Seed
  • Grass Seed Mixes for Forage & Pasture
  • Ground Cover Seed
  • Hairy Indigo Cover Crop Seed
  • Hairy Indigo Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Hairy Indigo Seed
  • Hairy Vetch Seed
  • Hancock Signature Apparel
  • Hancock's Bahia Grass Seed
  • Hancock's Bermuda Grass Seed
  • Hancock's Bermuda Pasture Seed
  • Hancock's Brown Top Millet
  • Hancock's Cattle Pasture Grass Seed Mix
  • Hancock's Centipede Grass Seed
  • Hancock's Central States Lawn Seed
  • Hancock's Choice Shade Mix
  • Hancock's Dove Field Seed Mix
  • Hancock's Duck Food Plot Mix
  • Hancock's Fescue Grass Seed
  • Hancock's Grass Seed Mixes
  • Hancock's Horse Pasture Grass Seed
  • Hancock's Lawn Seed Mixtures
  • Hancock's Microgreen Seed Mixes
  • Hancock's Northeast/Midwest Grass Seed
  • Hancock's Pasture Seed Mixes
  • Hancock's Ryegrass Seed
  • Hancock's Signature Ground Cover Seed
  • Hancock's Signature Pasture & Forage Seed Mixes
  • Hancock's Signature Quail Seed
  • Hancock's Signature Series
  • Hancock's Signature Series Food Plot Seed
  • Hancock's Signature Series Grass Seed
  • Hancock's Signature Turkey Food Plot Mix
  • Hancock's Southeast Wildflower Mix
  • Hancock's Southeast Wildflower Mixture
  • Hancock's Specialty Seed Mixes
  • Hancock's Turkey Food Plot Mix
  • Harvest
  • Hats
  • Hay & Clearance
  • Hay Production
  • Herbicide
  • Home Life
  • Home Use
  • Homestead Animal & Garden Seed
  • Horse Seed for Homestead, Animal, & Garden
  • Hybrid Pearl Millet Seed
  • Hydromulch
  • Hydroseeding Fertilizer
  • Hydroseeding Mixtures
  • Hydroseeding Products
  • Indoors
  • Iron Clay Cowpeas
  • Joint Vetch Seed
  • Kale
  • Kale Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Lab Lab Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Lab Lab Forage & Pasture Seed
  • LabLab Seed
  • Lawn & Turf
  • Lawn and Turf
  • Lawn Grass Plugs
  • Lawn Grass Seed
  • Legume Seed
  • Lespedeza
  • Lespedeza
  • Lespedeza Seed
  • Lespedeza Turkey & Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Lovegrass Seed
  • Lupine Cover Crop Seed
  • Lupine Seed
  • Lupine Seed
  • Millet Cover Crop Seed
  • Millet Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Millet Dove Food Plot Seed
  • Millet Duck Food Plot Seed
  • Millet Fodder Seed
  • Millet Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Millet Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Millet Seed
  • Millet Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Miscellaneous/Specialty Seeds
  • Mulato II Grass Seed
  • Mulch Hay
  • Native Grass Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Native Grass Seed
  • Native Grass Seed Mixtures
  • Native Grasses
  • New Fall Products
  • Newest Products
  • Oats Cover Crop Seed
  • Oats Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Oats Duck Food Plot Seed
  • Oats Fodder Seed
  • Oats Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Oats Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Oats Seed
  • Oats Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Orchardgrass Pasture Grass Seed
  • Orchardgrass Seed
  • Other
  • Other Hancock Seed Products
  • Outdoors
  • Pea Seed
  • Peas Cover Crop Seed
  • Peas Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Peas Fodder Seed
  • Peas Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Peas Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Peas Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Perennial Peanut Seed
  • Pesticides
  • Phacelia Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Pre-Order
  • Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Quinoa Seed
  • Radish Cover Crop Seed
  • Radish Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Radish Seed
  • Rape Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Rape Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Rape Seed
  • Reed Canary Grass Seed
  • Rhodes Grass
  • Rhodes Grass Seed
  • Rice Seed
  • Rye Grain Cover Crop Seed
  • Rye Grass Seed for Golf Courses
  • Rye Grass Seed for Golfers
  • Rye Grass Seed for Lawns
  • Ryegrass
  • Ryegrass Cover Crop Seed
  • Ryegrass Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Ryegrass Lawn Grass Seed
  • Ryegrass Pasture Seed (Annual)
  • Ryegrass Seed
  • Sale Products
  • Sanfoin Seed
  • Seashore Paspalum Golf Course / Athletic Turf Seed
  • Seashore Paspalum Lawn Grass Seed
  • Seashore Paspalum Seed
  • Seashore Paspalum Turf Seed
  • Seed Inoculants
  • Seed Mixtures
  • Seed Mixtures
  • Seed Spreaders
  • Seed Varieties
  • Service Mixtures
  • Sesame Seed - (benne)
  • Sesbania Cover Crop Seed
  • Sesbania Seed
  • Solar & Wind Seed Mixes
  • Sorghum
  • Sorghum Cover Crop Seed
  • Sorghum Cover Crop Seed
  • Sorghum Dove Food Plot Seed
  • Sorghum Duck Food Plot Seed
  • Sorghum Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Sorghum Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Sorghum Seed
  • Sorghum Sudangrass Seed
  • Sorghum Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Soybean Cover Crop Seed
  • Soybean Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Soybean Duck Food Plot Seed
  • Soybean Fodder Seed
  • Soybean Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Soybean Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Soybean Seed
  • Soybeans Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Sprayers
  • Spreaders & Seeders
  • Spring & Summer Wildlife Blends
  • St. Augustine Lawn Plugs
  • Sugar Beets Seed
  • Summer Food Plot Peas
  • Summer Legumes
  • Summer Pasture Legumes
  • Summer Pea Seed
  • Summer Peas
  • Sunflower - Fodder Seed
  • Sunflower Cover Crop Seed
  • Sunflower Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Sunflower Dove Food Plot Seed
  • Sunflower Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Sunflower Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Sunflower Seed
  • Sunflower Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Sunn Hemp
  • Sunn Hemp
  • Sunn Hemp Cover Crop Seed
  • Sunn Hemp Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Sunn Hemp Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Sunn Hemp Seed
  • Supplies
  • Supplies
  • Switchgrass Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Switchgrass Quail Food Plot Seed
  • Switchgrass Seed
  • Tackifier
  • Teff Grass Seed
  • Teff Pasture Grass Seed
  • Timothy Grass Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Timothy Grass Seed
  • Timothy Pasture Grass Seed
  • Tops
  • Transition Climate Cover Crop Seed
  • Transition Climate Food Plot Seed
  • Transition Climate Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Transition Climate Homestead Seed
  • Transition Climate Lawn & Turf Seed
  • Transition Climate Seed
  • Triticale Seed
  • Turf Grass Seed
  • Turkey Food Plot Seed
  • Turnip Cover Crop Seed
  • Turnip Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Turnips Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Turnips Seed
  • Vegetable Seed For Homestead, Animal, & Garden
  • Vetch Cover Crop Seed
  • Vetch Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Vetch Seed
  • Warm Climate Cover Crop Seed
  • Warm Climate Food Plot Seed
  • Warm Climate Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Warm Climate Homestead Seed
  • Warm Climate Lawn & Turf Seed
  • Warm Climate Lawn Seed Mixtures
  • Warm Climate Seed
  • Wetland Seed Mixtures
  • Wetlands Erosion Seed Mixtures
  • Wetlands Erosion Seed Mixtures
  • Wetlands Mixtures
  • Wetlands Seed Mixture
  • Wheat Cover Crop Seed
  • Wheat Deer Food Plot Seed
  • Wheat Forage & Pasture Seed
  • Wheat Seed
  • Wildflower Seed
  • Wildflower Seed Mixes
  • Wildflowers
  • Wildflowers & Native Grasses
  • Wildflowers Ground Cover Seed
  • Wildlife Food Plot Seed
  • Zoysia Grass Seed
  • Zoysia Lawn Grass Seed
  • Zoysia Lawn Plugs
  • Zoysia Turf Grass Seed
  • Shop by Seed Variety
FAST, FREE SHIPPING
on hundreds of items!
Get a Free Quote
Timothy Grass Seed
Back

Timothy Grass is a perennial bunchgrass with shallow and fibrous roots, used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Timothy Grass is best adapted to northern (cold), cooler climates and may be planted with Clovers, Alfalfa and other legumes, for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Timothy Grass performs well in more moist areas, and is very tolerant to acidity.

Product Information

  • Application or Use: Pasture, Cattle Grazing, Livestock Forage, Hay Production, Cover Crop, Erosion Control, Silage
  • Germination Time: 7 - 14 days, under optimal conditions
  • Growing Locations: Cool Season
  • Height: 2 - 4 feet
  • Sunlight Requirements: 6+ hour
  • Advantages: Best adapted to cool, humid climates; bunch-growth habits make this variety less competitive for nutrients.
  • When to Plant: Recommended planting time is spring and summer when night time temperatures are consistently 65+ degrees.

 

Product Detail

  • Perennial cool-season grass
  • Best adapted to cool, humid climates
  • Performs well in more moist areas
  • Very tolerant to acidity
  • Well suited for hay production

 

Product Information

Timothy Grass is well suited for use in pastures, rotational grazing, hay, conservation, erosion control and silage in the northeastern and north central climates in the United States. Varieties including Climax and Claire are common for pastures and affordable for seeding.

Timothy does not tolerate drought, salt, shade or alkalinity. It is well suited for hay production. Because of its bunch-growth habit, it is less competitive for nutrients when grown in mixtures with legumes. Spring growth is not too early although yield and palatability are very high. Main growth occurs in early Summer. It is not tolerant of close, continuous grazing. The tall shoots are easily overgrazed and as a pasture plant it is relatively short lived.

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is a perennial cool-season grass, relatively late-flowering, best adapted to cool, humid climates. At a given location, heading and blooming dates for improved cultivars may vary by as much as 7 to 10 days. Timothy normally matures 2 to 3 weeks later than Tall Fescue, Orchardgrass, and smooth Bromegrass. This feature makes it an ideal grass for late-spring grazing, or for hay harvesting since the climate is more favorable for field curing.

Timothy is very palatable, and consequently it is often selectively grazed and soon disappears when seeded with less palatable species. At certain stages of development, Timothy is intolerant of intensive grazing for reasons explained below.

Timothy is of medium height. However, in isolation, the flowering culm may reach 80-90 cm in length. During the spring season, as shoots advance toward maturity, the lowest stem internodes become enlarged and form a storage organ called a "haplocorm." The haplocorm is usually comprised of two shortened stem internodes, which gradually enlarge concurrently with the build up of food reserves. By the late boot to early-heading stage, adventitious buds in the haplocorm give rise to a new cycle of tillers. This regrowth is commonly called aftermath. In some literature it is called rowen.

The seedhead is a compact panicle in which single-floreted spikelets are supported by very short panicle branches. These diminutive branches closely resemble short pedicels found on some raceme inflorescences. The timothy panicle is so compact that is sometimes confused as a spike.

*Product packaging may appear different than what is pictured.

Back
Climate Zone(s)
Cool Season
Coated or Raw
Raw
Fertilizer
16-04-08 Slow Release - 250 lbs. per acre
GMO
No
Ideal pH
6.5 - 7.0
Inoculant Needed
No
Life Cycle
Perennial
Overseeding Rate
10 lbs. per acre
Seeding Depth
1/4 - 1/2 inch
Seeding Rate
15 lbs. per acre
When to Plant
Spring & Summer
Back


Plant between September and November at a rate of 10 to 15 lbs. per acre. Plant at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 in.

As with most grass, the overwintering tillers resume growth when the climate is favorable. With advancing maturity, individual shoots exhibit growth stages. They include tillering, transition from vegetative to reproduction (late boot, early heading of seedhead, and flowering). These developmental stages need to be recognized when making management decisions.

The tillering stage represents the initial Spring growth. The main growing point (apical meristem) of the shoot is in a vegetative stage, producing new leaves. After a suitable period of development, this growing point is gradually transformed into a floral bud that soon produces a rudimentary seedhead. The shoot has entered the transition stage of development. Thereafter, leaf formation ceases and the leaf number is fixed.

The transition stage can be identified by splitting a shoot with a sharp blade in order to inspect the growing point. By this time the lowermost basal internode of the developing culm has commenced elongation, possibly raising the rudimentary seedhead together with the underlying meristematic zone to a grazing height. This vitally important meristematic zone contains cells which account for the central stalk (culm), as well as cells which account for the leaves. This zone represents the preferred regrowth mechanism if haplocorm buds have yet formed new tiller initials.

It is self-evident that Timothy, as well as many other grasses, should be carefully managed during early transition. If a high percentage of the shoots are in this developmental stage, it is wise to avoid wholesale destruction of this shoot zone, as might occur under "management intensive grazing" (MIG). Lenient grazing is advised until such time as haplocorm buds are capable of producing prompt competitive regrowth.

The appearance of new shoots indicates that food reserves have been restored and that a new regrowth mechanism is ready to function. New shoots also signal the time to initiate intensive grazing and for storing the forage from ungrazed pastures.

Under-grazed pastures should be clipped at early-heading with a high blade setting so as to minimize destruction of vegetative shoots. Livestock relish the clippings at this stage of maturity. Additionally, it is wise to prevent seedhead development because plant hormones associated with flowering temporarily suppress new tiller growth. Destruction of seedheads promotes earlier aftermath growth ensuring development of new roots prior to the advent of arid conditions.

Given approximately five weeks deferment from further defoliation, aftermath shoots start culm development. Stem internodes in the base of the shoot commence to elongate, elevating the meristematic growing point to a grazing height. The growing point may exhibit a developing seedhead, thus the leaf number is again fixed. If it remains vegetative, leaf number is indeterminant. As previously described, for the initial growth, the aftermath has reached the transition stage of development.

Prior to internode elongation, the aftermath can be grazed with minimal risk provided sufficient leaf blade tissue remains in the stubble. Photosynthesis in the leaf blade canopy largely negates the need for stored food reserves. However, when internodes start to elongate, the meristematic growing point may be destroyed. When this occurs, the vigor of subsequent regrowth varies with the readiness of haplocorm to produce another cycle of tillers. If the bud-bearing region is not active, or if a new root system is not yet well established, the grass either goes dormant or perishes.

Leaf blades are rolled (as opposed to folded) in the shoot whorl. A prominent membranous ligule arises from the collar zone at the base of the blade. Early Spring growth is comprised chiefly of leaf blades because sheath elongation commences only after the blade is well formed. This growth habit provides a measure of grazing tolerance because the meristematic collar zone of most of the leaves is nested safely below the grazing height. Immature leaves severed above the collar continue development due to cell division, and expansion in the intercalary meristem located in the collar region.

Frequent moderate defoliation, as practiced in turf management, tends to suppress sheath elongation. This may provide a measure of flexibility in grazing management, however, it does not favor deep rooting or restoration of food reserves necessary for winter hardiness.

Timothy Grass Seed

Timothy Grass Seed

Timothy Grass is a perennial bunchgrass with shallow and fibrous roots, used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Timothy Grass is best adapted to northern (cold), cooler climates and may be planted with Clovers, Alfalfa and other legumes, for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Timothy Grass performs well in more moist areas, and is very tolerant to acidity.

Show All
Select Size
Price:
Ships Free!
Choose Quantity
Out Of Stock
BULK SAVINGS
on orders over 250 lbs!
Ordering a lot of seed? Let us offer you our best Farmer Direct pricing! Click the button below to get your free quote started.
More Info
Timothy Grass is a perennial bunchgrass with shallow and fibrous roots, used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Timothy Grass is best adapted to northern (cold), cooler climates and may be planted with Clovers, Alfalfa and...
Timothy Grass is a perennial bunchgrass with shallow and fibrous roots, used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Timothy Grass is best adapted to northern (cold), cooler climates and may be planted with Clovers, Alfalfa and other legumes, for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Timothy Grass performs well in more moist areas, and is very tolerant to acidity. Product Information Application or Use: Pasture, Cattle Grazing, Livestock Forage, Hay Production, Cover Crop, Erosion Control, Silage Germination Time: 7 - 14 days, under optimal conditions Growing Locations: Cool Season Height: 2 - 4 feet Sunlight Requirements: 6+ hour Advantages: Best adapted to cool, humid climates; bunch-growth habits make this variety less competitive for nutrients. When to Plant: Recommended planting time is spring and summer when night time temperatures are consistently 65+ degrees.   Product Detail Perennial cool-season grass Best adapted to cool, humid climates Performs well in more moist areas Very tolerant to acidity Well suited for hay production   Product Information Timothy Grass is well suited for use in pastures, rotational grazing, hay, conservation, erosion control and silage in the northeastern and north central climates in the United States. Varieties including Climax and Claire are common for pastures and affordable for seeding. Timothy does not tolerate drought, salt, shade or alkalinity. It is well suited for hay production. Because of its bunch-growth habit, it is less competitive for nutrients when grown in mixtures with legumes. Spring growth is not too early although yield and palatability are very high. Main growth occurs in early Summer. It is not tolerant of close, continuous grazing. The tall shoots are easily overgrazed and as a pasture plant it is relatively short lived. Timothy (Phleum pratense) is a perennial cool-season grass, relatively late-flowering, best adapted to cool, humid climates. At a given location, heading and blooming dates for improved cultivars may vary by as much as 7 to 10 days. Timothy normally matures 2 to 3 weeks later than Tall Fescue, Orchardgrass, and smooth Bromegrass. This feature makes it an ideal grass for late-spring grazing, or for hay harvesting since the climate is more favorable for field curing. Timothy is very palatable, and consequently it is often selectively grazed and soon disappears when seeded with less palatable species. At certain stages of development, Timothy is intolerant of intensive grazing for reasons explained below. Timothy is of medium height. However, in isolation, the flowering culm may reach 80-90 cm in length. During the spring season, as shoots advance toward maturity, the lowest stem internodes become enlarged and form a storage organ called a "haplocorm." The haplocorm is usually comprised of two shortened stem internodes, which gradually enlarge concurrently with the build up of food reserves. By the late boot to early-heading stage, adventitious buds in the haplocorm give rise to a new cycle of tillers. This regrowth is commonly called aftermath. In some literature it is called rowen. The seedhead is a compact panicle in which single-floreted spikelets are supported by very short panicle branches. These diminutive branches closely resemble short pedicels found on some raceme inflorescences. The timothy panicle is so compact that is sometimes confused as a spike. *Product packaging may appear different than what is pictured.
Climate Zone(s)
Cool Season
Coated or Raw
Raw
Fertilizer
16-04-08 Slow Release - 250 lbs. per acre
GMO
No
Ideal pH
6.5 - 7.0
Inoculant Needed
No
Life Cycle
Perennial
Overseeding Rate
10 lbs. per acre
Seeding Depth
1/4 - 1/2 inch
Seeding Rate
15 lbs. per acre
When to Plant
Spring & Summer

Instructions

Plant between September and November at a rate of 10 to 15 lbs. per acre. Plant at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 in. As with most grass, the overwintering tillers resume growth when the climate is favorable. With advancing maturity,...
Plant between September and November at a rate of 10 to 15 lbs. per acre. Plant at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 in. As with most grass, the overwintering tillers resume growth when the climate is favorable. With advancing maturity, individual shoots exhibit growth stages. They include tillering, transition from vegetative to reproduction (late boot, early heading of seedhead, and flowering). These developmental stages need to be recognized when making management decisions. The tillering stage represents the initial Spring growth. The main growing point (apical meristem) of the shoot is in a vegetative stage, producing new leaves. After a suitable period of development, this growing point is gradually transformed into a floral bud that soon produces a rudimentary seedhead. The shoot has entered the transition stage of development. Thereafter, leaf formation ceases and the leaf number is fixed. The transition stage can be identified by splitting a shoot with a sharp blade in order to inspect the growing point. By this time the lowermost basal internode of the developing culm has commenced elongation, possibly raising the rudimentary seedhead together with the underlying meristematic zone to a grazing height. This vitally important meristematic zone contains cells which account for the central stalk (culm), as well as cells which account for the leaves. This zone represents the preferred regrowth mechanism if haplocorm buds have yet formed new tiller initials. It is self-evident that Timothy, as well as many other grasses, should be carefully managed during early transition. If a high percentage of the shoots are in this developmental stage, it is wise to avoid wholesale destruction of this shoot zone, as might occur under "management intensive grazing" (MIG). Lenient grazing is advised until such time as haplocorm buds are capable of producing prompt competitive regrowth. The appearance of new shoots indicates that food reserves have been restored and that a new regrowth mechanism is ready to function. New shoots also signal the time to initiate intensive grazing and for storing the forage from ungrazed pastures. Under-grazed pastures should be clipped at early-heading with a high blade setting so as to minimize destruction of vegetative shoots. Livestock relish the clippings at this stage of maturity. Additionally, it is wise to prevent seedhead development because plant hormones associated with flowering temporarily suppress new tiller growth. Destruction of seedheads promotes earlier aftermath growth ensuring development of new roots prior to the advent of arid conditions. Given approximately five weeks deferment from further defoliation, aftermath shoots start culm development. Stem internodes in the base of the shoot commence to elongate, elevating the meristematic growing point to a grazing height. The growing point may exhibit a developing seedhead, thus the leaf number is again fixed. If it remains vegetative, leaf number is indeterminant. As previously described, for the initial growth, the aftermath has reached the transition stage of development. Prior to internode elongation, the aftermath can be grazed with minimal risk provided sufficient leaf blade tissue remains in the stubble. Photosynthesis in the leaf blade canopy largely negates the need for stored food reserves. However, when internodes start to elongate, the meristematic growing point may be destroyed. When this occurs, the vigor of subsequent regrowth varies with the readiness of haplocorm to produce another cycle of tillers. If the bud-bearing region is not active, or if a new root system is not yet well established, the grass either goes dormant or perishes. Leaf blades are rolled (as opposed to folded) in the shoot whorl. A prominent membranous ligule arises from the collar zone at the base of the blade. Early Spring growth is comprised chiefly of leaf blades because sheath elongation commences only after the blade is well formed. This growth habit provides a measure of grazing tolerance because the meristematic collar zone of most of the leaves is nested safely below the grazing height. Immature leaves severed above the collar continue development due to cell division, and expansion in the intercalary meristem located in the collar region. Frequent moderate defoliation, as practiced in turf management, tends to suppress sheath elongation. This may provide a measure of flexibility in grazing management, however, it does not favor deep rooting or restoration of food reserves necessary for winter hardiness.
Similar Products

Timothy Grass Seed

22 reviews

Timothy Grass is a perennial bunchgrass with shallow and fibrous roots, used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Timothy Grass is best adapted to northern (cold), cooler climates and may be planted with Clovers, Alfalfa and other legumes, for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Timothy Grass performs well in more moist areas, and is very tolerant to acidity.

Size
Price
Quantity
Available?
5 lbs.
$99.99 $41.99 59% Off
Ships Free!
In Stock
10 lbs.
$169.99 $69.99 59% Off
Ships Free!
In Stock
25 lbs.
$269.99 $143.99 47% Off
Ships Free!
In Stock
50 lbs.
$329.99 $246.99 26% Off
In Stock
Please enter a quantity
before adding to cart.
Tier price discounts will automatically apply to your shopping cart when you purchase the necessary quantity. The price shown is per 50 lb. bag.
BULK SAVINGS  on orders over 250 lbs!
Ordering a lot of seed? Let us offer you our best Farmer Direct pricing! Click the link below to get your free quote started.
Timothy Grass Seed Description

Timothy Grass is a perennial bunchgrass with shallow and fibrous roots, used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Timothy Grass is best adapted to northern (cold), cooler climates and may be planted with Clovers, Alfalfa and other legumes, for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Timothy Grass performs well in more moist areas, and is very tolerant to acidity.

Product Information

  • Application or Use: Pasture, Cattle Grazing, Livestock Forage, Hay Production, Cover Crop, Erosion Control, Silage
  • Germination Time: 7 - 14 days, under optimal conditions
  • Growing Locations: Cool Season
  • Height: 2 - 4 feet
  • Sunlight Requirements: 6+ hour
  • Advantages: Best adapted to cool, humid climates; bunch-growth habits make this variety less competitive for nutrients.
  • When to Plant: Recommended planting time is spring and summer when night time temperatures are consistently 65+ degrees.

 

Product Detail

  • Perennial cool-season grass
  • Best adapted to cool, humid climates
  • Performs well in more moist areas
  • Very tolerant to acidity
  • Well suited for hay production

 

Product Information

Timothy Grass is well suited for use in pastures, rotational grazing, hay, conservation, erosion control and silage in the northeastern and north central climates in the United States. Varieties including Climax and Claire are common for pastures and affordable for seeding.

Timothy does not tolerate drought, salt, shade or alkalinity. It is well suited for hay production. Because of its bunch-growth habit, it is less competitive for nutrients when grown in mixtures with legumes. Spring growth is not too early although yield and palatability are very high. Main growth occurs in early Summer. It is not tolerant of close, continuous grazing. The tall shoots are easily overgrazed and as a pasture plant it is relatively short lived.

Timothy (Phleum pratense) is a perennial cool-season grass, relatively late-flowering, best adapted to cool, humid climates. At a given location, heading and blooming dates for improved cultivars may vary by as much as 7 to 10 days. Timothy normally matures 2 to 3 weeks later than Tall Fescue, Orchardgrass, and smooth Bromegrass. This feature makes it an ideal grass for late-spring grazing, or for hay harvesting since the climate is more favorable for field curing.

Timothy is very palatable, and consequently it is often selectively grazed and soon disappears when seeded with less palatable species. At certain stages of development, Timothy is intolerant of intensive grazing for reasons explained below.

Timothy is of medium height. However, in isolation, the flowering culm may reach 80-90 cm in length. During the spring season, as shoots advance toward maturity, the lowest stem internodes become enlarged and form a storage organ called a "haplocorm." The haplocorm is usually comprised of two shortened stem internodes, which gradually enlarge concurrently with the build up of food reserves. By the late boot to early-heading stage, adventitious buds in the haplocorm give rise to a new cycle of tillers. This regrowth is commonly called aftermath. In some literature it is called rowen.

The seedhead is a compact panicle in which single-floreted spikelets are supported by very short panicle branches. These diminutive branches closely resemble short pedicels found on some raceme inflorescences. The timothy panicle is so compact that is sometimes confused as a spike.

*Product packaging may appear different than what is pictured.

Climate Zone(s)
Cool Season
Coated or Raw
Raw
Fertilizer
16-04-08 Slow Release - 250 lbs. per acre
GMO
No
Ideal pH
6.5 - 7.0
Inoculant Needed
No
Life Cycle
Perennial
Overseeding Rate
10 lbs. per acre
Seeding Depth
1/4 - 1/2 inch
Seeding Rate
15 lbs. per acre
When to Plant
Spring & Summer
Click here for planting seed tips

Plant between September and November at a rate of 10 to 15 lbs. per acre. Plant at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 in.

As with most grass, the overwintering tillers resume growth when the climate is favorable. With advancing maturity, individual shoots exhibit growth stages. They include tillering, transition from vegetative to reproduction (late boot, early heading of seedhead, and flowering). These developmental stages need to be recognized when making management decisions.

The tillering stage represents the initial Spring growth. The main growing point (apical meristem) of the shoot is in a vegetative stage, producing new leaves. After a suitable period of development, this growing point is gradually transformed into a floral bud that soon produces a rudimentary seedhead. The shoot has entered the transition stage of development. Thereafter, leaf formation ceases and the leaf number is fixed.

The transition stage can be identified by splitting a shoot with a sharp blade in order to inspect the growing point. By this time the lowermost basal internode of the developing culm has commenced elongation, possibly raising the rudimentary seedhead together with the underlying meristematic zone to a grazing height. This vitally important meristematic zone contains cells which account for the central stalk (culm), as well as cells which account for the leaves. This zone represents the preferred regrowth mechanism if haplocorm buds have yet formed new tiller initials.

It is self-evident that Timothy, as well as many other grasses, should be carefully managed during early transition. If a high percentage of the shoots are in this developmental stage, it is wise to avoid wholesale destruction of this shoot zone, as might occur under "management intensive grazing" (MIG). Lenient grazing is advised until such time as haplocorm buds are capable of producing prompt competitive regrowth.

The appearance of new shoots indicates that food reserves have been restored and that a new regrowth mechanism is ready to function. New shoots also signal the time to initiate intensive grazing and for storing the forage from ungrazed pastures.

Under-grazed pastures should be clipped at early-heading with a high blade setting so as to minimize destruction of vegetative shoots. Livestock relish the clippings at this stage of maturity. Additionally, it is wise to prevent seedhead development because plant hormones associated with flowering temporarily suppress new tiller growth. Destruction of seedheads promotes earlier aftermath growth ensuring development of new roots prior to the advent of arid conditions.

Given approximately five weeks deferment from further defoliation, aftermath shoots start culm development. Stem internodes in the base of the shoot commence to elongate, elevating the meristematic growing point to a grazing height. The growing point may exhibit a developing seedhead, thus the leaf number is again fixed. If it remains vegetative, leaf number is indeterminant. As previously described, for the initial growth, the aftermath has reached the transition stage of development.

Prior to internode elongation, the aftermath can be grazed with minimal risk provided sufficient leaf blade tissue remains in the stubble. Photosynthesis in the leaf blade canopy largely negates the need for stored food reserves. However, when internodes start to elongate, the meristematic growing point may be destroyed. When this occurs, the vigor of subsequent regrowth varies with the readiness of haplocorm to produce another cycle of tillers. If the bud-bearing region is not active, or if a new root system is not yet well established, the grass either goes dormant or perishes.

Leaf blades are rolled (as opposed to folded) in the shoot whorl. A prominent membranous ligule arises from the collar zone at the base of the blade. Early Spring growth is comprised chiefly of leaf blades because sheath elongation commences only after the blade is well formed. This growth habit provides a measure of grazing tolerance because the meristematic collar zone of most of the leaves is nested safely below the grazing height. Immature leaves severed above the collar continue development due to cell division, and expansion in the intercalary meristem located in the collar region.

Frequent moderate defoliation, as practiced in turf management, tends to suppress sheath elongation. This may provide a measure of flexibility in grazing management, however, it does not favor deep rooting or restoration of food reserves necessary for winter hardiness.

Customer Reviews
4.5 Based on 22 Reviews
5 ★
77% 
17
4 ★
9% 
2
3 ★
5% 
1
2 ★
5% 
1
1 ★
4% 
1
Write a Review Ask a Question

Thank you for submitting a review!

Your input is very much appreciated. Share it with your friends so they can enjoy it too!

Filter Reviews:
  • seed
  • field
  • price
  • website
  • pasture
  • purchase
  • maintenance
  • life
  • info
  • ordering
EO
05/29/2022
Elton O.
United States United States

Timothy seed

Very good grew fast

FG
03/19/2022
Francisco G.
United States United States

Great business

Overwhelming very pleased excellent product

03/25/2022

Hancock Seed

Glad you are happy with your purchase! Thank you for your review and for choosing Hancock Seed!

LJ
11/12/2021
Lori J.
United States United States

Quality Timothy Grass Seed

I ordered two bags of seed. They arrived as promised, well packaged and undamaged. Seed was consistent and fresh in both bags. Did not find any other seed types. I bought the seed late and spread by hand in early October after waiting for rain and used a drag to try to create planting rows. I covered as best I could with vegetation. Being in MN, will have to wait til spring to see if my efforts were sufficient for growth.

11/15/2021

Hancock Seed

Glad to hear that your seed arrived quickly! We are sure you will have great results with the Timothy grass seed. Thank you for your review and for choosing Hancock Seed!

CM
11/08/2021
Crystal M.
United States United States

Growing Timothy in Arizona Experiment

Website was easy to navigate; ordering process great; shipped/received in a timely manner. I have not gotten around to planting yet, but do not go by my experience because this was a crazy, spontaneous purchase after hearing the recent price increase and scarcity of local Timothy Hay. This is purely experimental in nature. I am not sure Timothy Grass will survive in Arizona, but I am going to experiment with planting both indoor and outdoor. Am I crazy, probably, but what is life without adventure, right? I am just happy to have found a seed supplier.

11/10/2021

Hancock Seed

Glad to hear that you received your seed quickly and that the website was customer friendly. Please let us know how it goes. Thank you for your review and for choosing Hancock Seed to be your seed provider.

RF
08/07/2021
Richard F.
United States United States

timothy grass seed

ordering was very easy; I got 5 lbs at a good price and free shipment. Received the seed in a short time

08/20/2021

Hancock Seed

Excellent! Glad to hear that you found the ordering process easy and that you received your seed quickly. We are sure you will have great results! Thank you for your review!

Customers Also Bought
Need Help?
If you have any questions feel free to conctact us below.
Customer Service
Got questions? We don’t blame you! There are many things to consider when buying seed, and Hancock’s staff is happy to help you find the perfect solution for your needs!
1(800) 552-1027
Mon.-Fri. (8AM-5PM)
Sat. (9AM-12PM)
Sun. (Closed)
The Farm
18724 Hancock Farm Rd.
Dade City, FL 33523
Contact Us

Have a Question? Ask One of Our Experts Today!

Hancock Seed is dedicated to helping you find the best seed for your project. If you have any questions, fill out the form below, and one of our qualified experts will be in touch as soon as possible! You can also give us a call at (800) 552-1027. If you’re in the neighborhood, swing by the Hancock Farm in Dade City, FL!

Get Exclusive Offers
Sign up for Hancock Seed’s email service for exclusive offers and more!



Recipients can opt out of Hancock Seed’s email service at any time.
We Can Ship Worldwide!
Hancock Seed harvests, produces & exports the highest quality seed. No matter the project, our international sales team is happy to provide you with a quick quote for bulk seeds delivered anywhere in the world!
INTERNATIONAL QUOTE

Sale

Unavailable

Sold Out