Bermuda Seed Planting Guide
Bermuda Seed Planting or Seeding Guide - Bermuda grass seed is one of the easiest species of grasses to establish from seed. Preparation of the seedbed is critical for a successful seeding experience. Bermuda seeds are very small and must not be planted deeper than 1/4 inch. Keeping the soil moist after applying the seed is crucial to prevent the seedlings from drying out.
- Remove old vegetation to prepare a clean seed bed.
- Lawns: use a De-Thatcher, Power Rake or Rota Tiller to kill/remove existing vegetation and prepare a clean seed bed.
- Pastures: use disc, Rota Tiller, Power Rake or any means to kill/remove existing vegetation and prepare a clean seedbed.
- Drag area to loosen and level any hard or uneven spots if needed.
- Apply fertilizer at 5 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft. for lawns or 250 lbs. per acre for pastures.
- Apply seed at 1-5 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft for lawns or 15-25 lbs. per acre for pastures.
- Drag, rake or roll to lightly cover the seed not deeper than 1/4 - 1/2 inch.
- Apply lawn irrigation for 30 minutes each evening until soil is damp and germination has occurred.
- Irrigate newly seeded lawns every other day until the grass reaches six inches.
- After the grass reaches six inches in height water three times a week if needed.
- Reapply fertilizer at 5 lbs per 1000 sq. ft. for lawns or 250 lbs. per acre at three months of age.
- Keep the grass mowed at 3-6 inches during the establishment process for lawns or 6-10 inches for pasture.
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The normal bermuda grass seeding rate is 1 to 2 pounds per 1,000 square feet. Spread the seed evenly using a mechanical spreader. Divide the seed into two equal parts and spread half in one direction and the other half at a right angle to the first direction. Rake or drag the soil to cover the seed to a depth of about ¼ inch. Then roll the area with a light-weight roller to ensure good seed/soil contact.
Should I put down Straw or Mulch? Applying one bale per 1,000 square feet of a straw mulch helps retain soil moisture for more rapid germination and reduces soil erosion.
The seed must be kept moist, so daily, light irrigation are needed for the first three weeks. Germination should occur in two weeks if the seeds are kept moist. As the seedlings develop, decrease the irrigation frequency and increase the amount of water applied until normal practices can be followed. The area should completely cover in six to eight weeks if properly maintained. Begin mowing at a height of 1 inch when the seedlings reach a height of 1.5 inches. Be sure the mower's blades are sharp, and do not mow when the grass and/or soil is wet. Weedy grasses, like crabgrass and goosegrass, can be controlled in the second year with applications of pre-emergence herbicides.
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