Leafy 22 Hybrid Pearl Millet - Leafy 22 is a improved hybrid Pearl Millet variety used mainly for cattle forage and hay production during the warm season. Leafy 22 has excellent seeding vigor and late maturity. Leafy 22 is a shorter, leafier hybrid than most others hybrids. Leafier millets have higher protein content making better quality hay and grazing. Hybrid Pearl millet offers the highest protein of any warm season grass.
Advantages of Leafy 22:
- High leaf to stem ratio
- Smooth leaves with thinner stems
- Higher protein content
- Little to no prussic acid dangers
- Adaptable to marginal soils
- 2-3 feet shorter than other hybrids
- Stronger Stability than other hybrids
- Can be grazed or cut for dry hay
Drill Seed Rate: 10 lbs.(36 inch rows); 15 lbs. (24 inch rows); 25 lbs. (7 inch rows)
Broadcast: 25 - 30 lbs. per acre
Seed Depth: 1/4 - 1/2 inch
pH: 5.5 - 7
Planting Time: 65 to 70 degree soil temps
Life Cycle: 120 +/- days; re-growth is possible with additional fertilization
Fertilizer: 300 - 400 lbs. per acre
Scientific Name: Pennisetum glaucum
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- Apply 50 - 60 lbs. of Nitrogen per acre at planting
- Plants should reach 2 feet in height before grazing
- Harvest at pre-boot stage around 5 - 6 feet to avoid lodging
- Leave a minimum of 6 inches at harvest for re-growth
- Avoid grazing to the ground
Additional Planting and Information:
Prepare a good seedbed by turning and smoothing the soil as for corn or peanuts. Per-acre seeding rates of 10 lbs. In 36 inch rows, 15 lbs. In 24 inch rows, or 25 lbs. In 7 inch grain drill rows should give good yields. The 24 and 36 inch row plantings require cultivation or an application of 3/4 lb per acre of Atrazine after plants reach 2-3 leaf stage. At Tifton, we have obtained adequate stands by planting 15 lbs per acre of 2,4-D to control the broadleafed weeds. Maximum yields have been obtained from late April or early May plantings. Earlier plantings gain little because pearl millet makes little growth when temperatures are below 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
Although pearl millet will make more growth than most other crops on infertile sandy soil, fertilizing will generally pay. Fertilization will increase yield and heavy fertilization will also increase protein and vitamin A content. Phosphorus and potassium requirements for Tifleaf 3 can usually be met by applying 250 pounds of 0-10-20 for every 100 pounds of N applied.
Pearl millet can be grazed rotationally, a practice we followed for many years. More recently we have had good results starting to graze pearl millet plantings when they are 15 to 18 inches tall and grazing continually at a stocking rate to leave about 9 to 12 inches of stubble. Pearl millet does not contain the prussic acid glucoside that can sometimes break down and poison cattle grazing sorghum-sudangrass hybrids. Thus pearl millet can be safely grazed at any stage of growth and during droughts that usually increase the risk associated with grazing sorghum-sudangrass hybrids.
Hybrid Millet can make good quality hay if cut when it is 2 to 3 feet tall. The stems are coarse and a hay conditioner that crushes the stems will facilitate drying. However, Hybrid Millet cut at the suggested growth stage will still require two to three times as long as Coastal bermudagrass to cure enough to be baled.