Tifleaf 3 Hybrid Pearl Millet Seed - Tifleaf 3 Hybrid Pearl Millet is a high quality leafy pearl millet developed by USDA-ARS at Tifton, GA. The production and commercialization if Tifleaf 3 is protected by Plant Variety Protection. It shows more resistance to rust than Tifleaf 2, one of the two major diseases on pearl millet in the United States. Tifleaf 3 matures later than most tall hybrids and will reach a height of about six feet if not defoliated. Heifers grazing Tifleaf 3 gained 412 lbs per acre compared to 345 lbs per acre for Tifleaf 2. Higher yields can be expected from Tifleaf 3 compared to Tifleaf 2 when there is moderate rust infection and from later plantings. It is important to specify Tifleaf 3 seed from your seed dealer. Most other cultivars are not as good as Tifleaf 3.
- High forage quality
- No prussic acid production
- Very drought tolerant
Drill Seed Rate: 10 lbs.(36 inch rows); 15 lbs. (24 inch rows); 25 lbs. (7 inch rows)
Broadcast: 25 - 30 lbs. per acre
Seed Depth: 1/2 - 1 inch
pH: 5.5 - 7
Planting Time: 65 to 70 degree soil temps
Life Cycle: 120 +/- days; re-growth is possible with additional fertilization
Fertilizer: 300 - 400 lbs. per acre
Scientific Name: Pennisetum glaucum
Grazing: Begin grazing at 15 to 18 inches. Maintain a 9 to 12 inch stubble during grazing for best results.
Cattle per acre: Depending on location, soil fertility and moisture 3 to 6 cattle per acre for 100 +/- days.
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Hay Production: Harvest at 2 - 3 feet. Cure time can take as long as 10 days.
Dry Matter Yields (91-93):
- Florida: 10,275 lbs.
- Georgia: 10,074 lbs.
- Arkansas: 11,920 lbs.
- Louisiana: 8,940 lbs.
Additional Planting and Information:
Prepare a good seedbed by turning and smoothing the soil as for corn or peanuts. Per-acre seeding rates of 10 lbs. In 36 inch rows, 15 lbs. In 24 inch rows, or 25 lbs. In 7 inch grain drill rows should give good yields. The 24 and 36 inch row plantings require cultivation or an application of 3/4 lb per acre of Atrazine after plants reach 2-3 leaf stage. At Tifton, we have obtained adequate stands by planting 15 lbs per acre of 2,4-D to control the broadleafed weeds. Maximum yields have been obtained from late April or early May plantings. Earlier plantings gain little because pearl millet makes little growth when temperatures are below 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
Although pearl millet will make more growth than most other crops on infertile sandy soil, fertilizing will generally pay. Fertilization will increase yield and heavy fertilization will also increase protein and vitamin A content. Phosphorus and potassium requirements for Tifleaf 3 can usually be met by applying 250 pounds of 0-10-20 for every 100 pounds of N applied.
Pearl millet can be grazed rotationally, a practice we followed for many years. More recently we have had good results starting to graze pearl millet plantings when they are 15 to 18 inches tall and grazing continually at a stocking rate to leave about 9 to 12 inches of stubble. Pearl millet does not contain the prussic acid glucoside that can sometimes break down and poison cattle grazing sorghum-sudangrass hybrids. Thus pearl millet can be safely grazed at any stage of growth and during droughts that usually increase the risk associated with grazing sorghum-sudangrass hybrids.
Hybrid Millet can make good quality hay if cut when it is 2 to 3 feet tall. The stems are coarse and a hay conditioner that crushes the stems will facilitate drying. However, Hybrid Millet cut at the suggested growth stage will still require two to three times as long as Coastal bermudagrass to cure enough to be baled.